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加国飞行器越来越流行 规定越来越严厉 [复制链接]

发表于 2015-11-16 06:10:01 |显示全部楼层
        随着遥控飞行器( Drone)越来越流行,其潜在的风险也在加大,加拿大广播公司报道说,加拿大和美国都正在研究新规定,以管制飞行器的适用。  
        美国联邦航空管理局( U.S. Federal Aviation Administration)已经宣布成立一个特别工作组,将建立飞行器登记制度。


       

        加拿大也考虑在明年引进经过更新的规定,加严管理,包括需要有许可证、培训和登记等。


        差点出事  
        我们的天空正在变得越来越“拥挤”,在加拿大和美国,遥控飞行器差点和飞机撞上的事故不断增加,今年8月,温哥华的一架水上飞机就差点和一个飞行器相撞。 加国华人网上家园 - 51.CA
        渥太华卡尔顿大学机械和航空航天工程教授杰里米·拉利伯特(Jeremy Laliberté)表示,几十年来,航模一直是少数业余爱好者的领域,现在,几乎所有人在任何地方都能买到飞行器,随着飞行器的普及,加拿大交通部需要帮助公众建立更强的安全意识。 加国 无忧 51.CA
        加拿大航空模型协会(MAAC)的埃迪·哈拉( Eddie Jara)对加拿大广播公司说,加严管理是早晚的事,总不能谁都可以放飞,却没有任何规定。


          
        加拿大法规
        在飞行器领域,加拿大早在1996年就有了相关法律,但主要针对的是大型飞行器,也就是官方所称的“无人驾驶飞行器”(UAV)。 无忧 资讯 info.51.CA
        只要其重量重超过25公斤,或是出于商业用途或研究用途,就需要持有由加拿大交通部颁发的“特殊飞行操作证”(SFOC)。 info.51.ca
        若不到25公斤,或只是为了娱乐,则不需要有飞行证,但业余爱好者们仍需要遵守交通部的安全指导方针,即不能在机场、楼宇、居民区附近或正在行驶的车辆附近放飞。  
        另外,飞行器也受到加拿大航空条例(Canadian Aviation Regulations)的管制,给飞机带来危险的举动是非法行为。
        加拿大交通部发言人罗克珊·马尔尚(Roxanne Marchand)通过邮件告诉加拿大广播公司,以鲁莽和疏忽的态度操作飞行器有可能导致人身伤害,从而引来诉讼、罚款,甚至被监禁。
        她说,飞行器进入受限制空域,危及飞机的安全,操作者可面临高达 25,000加元的罚款和进监狱。


        加拿大领先  info.51.ca 无忧资讯
        加拿大广播公司报道说,在商业用和研究用的飞行器领域,加拿大处于世界领先地位,比美国“前卫”不少。
        美国几乎全面禁止飞行器的商业使用, 至今只例外性地颁发了1000个商业和科研用飞行器执照,加拿大的高科技企业和科研机构比美国少得多,但加拿大仅在2014年一年就发出了 1,672 个许可证。  
        这也正是亚马逊在加拿大进行飞行器送货测试的原因。
        有关专家说,在商业和研究领域,飞行器的操作比较规范,因为商业运营商们都不希望失去执照,有问题的是娱乐用飞行器领域。


        新规则即将实施  
        而加拿大的新规则将涉及娱乐用户和商业用户。
        今年五月,加拿大交通部针对25公斤以下的小型飞行器提出了一系列建议,征求业内人士和公众的意见,根据拟议,将对飞行器按风险等级进行分类和制定规定。  
        有造成人员伤害和财产损失潜在风险的飞行器,将需要按序列号注册,操作者必须进行安全培训,并申请许可证。  
        预计新的规定最早可在明年生效实施。

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