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山西行,走在八路军的故乡

2019-10-18 01:42| 发布者: Mary| 查看: 60| 评论: 0

摘要: 山西行,走在八路军的故乡 1937年7月7日,卢沟桥事变之后,日军在7月底迅速占领北平和天津,接着以30万兵力,沿平绥、平汉、津浦三条铁路向华北地区扩大进攻。在此民族危难之际,中国共产党秉持民族大义,呼吁全中国 ...
山西行,走在八路军的故乡
 
       1937年7月7日,卢沟桥事变之后,日军在7月底迅速占领北平和天津,接着以30万兵力,沿平绥、平汉、津浦三条铁路向华北地区扩大进攻。在此民族危难之际,中国共产党秉持民族大义,呼吁全中国同胞、政府与军队团结抗敌,将日寇驱逐出中国。同年8月,中国共产党领导的中国工农红军改编为国民革命军第八路军,从8月底到10月初,八路军总部及第115师、第120师、第129师在朱德、彭德怀、叶剑英、任弼时、左权和邓小平的直接指挥下,由陕西省韩城县芝川镇分批东渡黄河,在万荣县庙前村渡口上岸后,途经万荣、河津、稷山、新绛北上,开赴抗日前线。11月,东进的八路军将总部设在山西省武乡县,至此打开了二战中中国抗日史上轰轰烈烈的新一页。
武乡县位于太行山西麓,山西省东南部,长治市最北端,总面积1610平方公里,现在辖9乡5镇1个农业开发区,328个行政村,总人口21万,其中农业人口17.8万。因境内有武山和乡水而得名。
      从1937年到1945年间,八路军总部机关曾5次进驻武乡,先后驻扎536天,抗战时期,仅有14万人口的武乡,参加抗日组织和八路军的就达9万余人,有2.1万余名干部群众为国捐躯,为中国革命的胜利做出了巨大牺牲和奉献,孕育了伟大的太行精神,培育形成了独特的八路军文化,被誉为“八路军的故乡,子弟兵的摇篮”。




       现在的武乡,就如同上百个正在大步走在现代化路上的其他中国城市一样,高楼林立又生机勃勃。和别的城市所不同的是武乡所独有的曾经“八路军的故乡,子弟兵的摇篮”所孕育的英武之气。
      在武乡,有两座都是独一无二的建筑。一个是八路军太行纪念馆,另一个是八路军文化园。
      八路军太行纪念馆是目前唯一全面反映八路军八年抗战历史的大型国家级抗战纪念馆。纪念馆由邓小平亲笔题写馆名,1988年9月开馆,2005年进行了大型改扩建,总占地面积14.8万平方米,建筑面积1.9万平方米,展陈面积1.2万平方米,馆藏珍贵抗战文物6400多件,其中三级以上珍贵文物488件,一级文物98件。主要由八路军抗战史陈列馆、八路军将领馆、百团大战半景画馆、窑洞战模拟景观等参观景点组成,真实的记录和反映了太行抗战那段艰苦艰难又伟大而珍贵的时刻。其中一张毛泽东、朱德、周恩来的三人该时期留下的相片让人印象深刻。三位开国伟人或微笑或严肃,不同的神情背后表达出相同的信息,那就是抗战到底,抗战必胜的坚定信念。




      八路军文化园则是另外一个更宏大的经典。自身占地231亩,含八路村、军艺社、抗战雕塑等主题景观以及水、陆、空多种拓展项目还有最现代的光电情景剧《反扫荡》、《太行游击队》、《欢庆胜利》。在这里,可以通过视觉、听觉等多种感官,如临其境品味八路军文化的魅力,几乎是以穿越的方式体会70多年前八路军在晋中的战斗和生活。如果这还不过瘾,在武乡县蟠龙镇砖壁村,还有一个文化园的分支,游击战体验园。总面积1500亩,包括入口区、缅怀区、体验区三部分。游击战体验园正是利用险要地理位置,依据朱德总司令当年提出的“八路军十大游击战法”为主题设计,共设有地雷战、地道战、追击战和围困战等参与项目,并加入真人CS实战体验、儿童军事体验区等多个景点和项目,利用机械、声、光、电等现代手段,生动再现八路军与日寇斗争的艰苦历程。参观者完全可以亲自参与到“打一场70年前的游击战”的角色扮演活动中,真正当一回抗日英雄,体验烽火年代那硝烟弥漫的战争场景。
      在娘炮文化流行的今天,行走在武乡街头,不屈的力量澎湃而来。这股力量浑厚、坚定,仿佛绵绵不绝,是真正中国的力量。

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