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疫情下网课盛行,如何保护孩子们的眼睛?

2020-9-7 09:24| 发布者: Mary| 查看: 598| 评论: 0

摘要: 疫情下网课盛行,如何保护孩子们的眼睛? 2020年疫情发生以来,上网课成了孩子们的主旋律。9月开学后,大部分家长为了孩子们的安全继续选择让孩子上网课。网课盛行之下,如何保护孩子们的眼睛?成为了老母亲老父亲们 ...
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疫情下网课盛行,如何保护孩子们的眼睛?

 
      2020年疫情发生以来,上网课成了孩子们的主旋律。9月开学后,大部分家长为了孩子们的安全继续选择让孩子上网课。网课盛行之下,如何保护孩子们的眼睛?成为了老母亲老父亲们的重点讨论话题,眼保健操是一个非常好的措施!为了孩子们的视力!让我们一起动起来,网课期间每天做眼保健操吧!

  安省儿童眼科福利 
       在安省,0-19岁的儿童每年可进行一次免费的综合视力检查,一般的眼科诊所都可以做,只要带上健康卡提前预约好诊所就OK 了。

健康卡不涵盖的内容:
·   除每年一次免费眼睛检查外的其他全面眼科检查。
·   潜在雇主或第三方要求的眼科检查。
·   隐形眼镜验配和进度检查
·   视网膜成像(例如视网膜摄影,眼相干断层扫描,海德堡视网膜断层扫描等)
·   激光屈光手术的共同管理(术前和术后)
处理方法,例如:眼镜 、隐形眼镜、弱视辅助、视力疗法(眼睛协调练习),治疗眼及周围组织疾病的药物

  儿童眼科检查  
孩子多大可开始检查?
·   在6个月大时,您的孩子应该进行第一次视力检查。
·   在2至5岁之间,您的孩子应该进行第二次视力检查。
·   每年,验光师应检查您的孩子,以确保良好的眼睛健康和发育进度。
      第一次眼科检查是非常非常重要的。加拿大验光医生协会建议,婴儿在6至9个月大时,便可接受第一次眼睛检测,眼医有针对不同年龄段孩子的测试方式,所以不必担心孩子太小无法进行检查。
     非常严重的眼部疾病,如视网膜母细胞瘤(一种儿童眼癌),一般发现很早,大多在2岁之前。高度近视、散光或远视眼等症状,即使可以在任何年龄校正,但如果在7、8岁时被发现,效果最好。

儿童眼科检查主要项目有哪些?
      儿童眼睛检查一般有以下几个主要项目,根据孩子的年龄和情况,检查内容可能会有所不同:
● 了解家庭病史:
对于第一次进行眼科检查的孩子,医生一般会咨询家长父母双方有没有眼科疾病,例如高度近视,白内障,青光眼等等,还有孩子的眼睛有没有出现一些特殊情况等。
● 常规检查:
瞳孔反应,注视和跟随检测,眼底严查等
● 两只眼睛进行一般性视力测试
医生用遥控器播放不同的图片,将这些图片用投影仪打到墙上,并进行放大缩小,让孩子说出自己看到的东西。

● 视力表测试
覆盖其中一只眼进行单边视力测试,根据孩子的年龄选择不同的视力表进行测试,小孩子会用左边的视力表,让孩子说出图案就可,大孩子一般用右边的字母视力表。
● 深度感知测试
让孩子戴上一幅特殊眼镜,医生会要求孩子说出图片中哪个图片是凸出的,哪个是离自己最近的....以此来判断孩子的深度感知是否良好。
 
  网课时代如何保护孩子们的眼睛 
● 尽量选择屏幕较大的电子产品
   电子产品色彩明亮鲜艳,视觉刺激比较强烈,近距离、长时间使用电子产品,孩子眼球容易疲劳。孩子们在上网课时,建议家长们选择电脑、IPAD、手机等电子产品。尽量给孩子选择屏幕较大、分辨率较高的屏幕,选择电脑,或链接到智能电视上都行,投影也是不错的选择!

(孩子们在家里快快乐乐上中文直播课程)
 
● 注意室内光线孩子上网课时不要在光线过亮或过暗的情况下使用电子设备。要督促孩子不在吃饭时、卧床时、光线暗弱或阳光直射等情况下看书。室内的光线要充足,柔和。不能在强烈的阳光下学习,可以选用无频闪的灯。
● 正确坐姿并保持与屏幕的距离孩子的眼睛和电子设备的距离要根据屏幕的大小保持在合理的范围,此外孩子在学习时应养成良好的坐姿习惯(如下图所示)。

       在看书写字的时候,不要趴在桌子上歪着头学习,更不能躺着或坐在车上看书,看书写字的姿势一定要正确。您家的孩子坐对了吗?

      避免眼睛过于疲劳劳逸结合,适当休息,缓解视力疲劳。上网课时由于需要长时间专注的盯着屏幕看,会造成孩子用眼疲劳,所以网课后每30-45分钟让孩子眺望远处,让眼睛得到充分放松。住处不便远眺的也可看看以下远眺图,也有助于放松眼睛。

       网课时代教会孩子做眼保健操并坚持做,是保护眼睛预防近视的非常有效的方法!


● 避免熬夜,保证充足睡眠并且多吃一些有利于视力的食物:多吃含蛋白质,含钙、含维生素多的食物,有利于巩固视网膜,对提高视力是很有好处。
● 注意用眼卫生告诉孩子不要用力揉眼并注意手卫生,揉摸眼睛前要洗手。此外,这一点在疫情期间也是防范COVID-19必须要注意的事情。

多元教育爱中文课堂,一直非常注意保护孩子们的视力!
中文课堂课间休息5分钟,任课老师会带领孩子们做眼保健操
为了孩子们明亮的双眼,家长们孩子们我们一起做眼保健操哦!

多元教育爱中文课堂,关爱孩子们的眼睛!
带领孩子做眼保健操!让孩子安心让家长省心!
 
 

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